In the past, kerosene was used to create light, heat, and energy all over the world. The first written documents about the distillation process of this substance were written by Mohammad bin Zakariya Razi, an Iranian scientist. In the book of secrets of this scientist, you can find two methods to produce this substance.
The name kerosene was coined by a Canadian geologist, which comes from its Greek name meaning waxy oil. The Chinese made this combination by extracting and refining oil and providing the fuel needed to light the lamps.
Years later, with the introduction of gas and electricity into homes, the popularity of this material decreased, but there are still homes that use this combination for heating and lighting.
Today, around 1.2 million barrels of this compound are consumed worldwide for various applications.
A combustible hydrocarbon liquid obtained from petroleum is called kerosene. Other names of this substance are paraffin or lamp oil, although the only similarity between this substance and paraffin is the common name between the two. This compound is a clear, low-viscosity, and non-sticky liquid, but sticky materials such as paraffin wax can be made from it.
This substance consists of hydrocarbon molecules, which usually have between 6 and 20 carbon atoms per molecule, and mostly contain 9 to 16 carbon atoms.
Applications of kerosene
This material is a versatile fuel that has many applications including oil lamp fuel, cleaning materials, jet fuel, heating oil, and cooking fuel. In the following, we will introduce some of these applications.
1. Heating and lighting
In the past, kerosene was an important source of energy for cooking and lighting, although today it is still used as a fuel for portable stoves. Of course, additives are added to this material so that it burns cleaner and produces less smoke.
In most underdeveloped countries like India and Nigeria, kerosene is the main fuel for cooking. Also, they use this material for portable gas stoves in mountain climbing. This material has the ability to work at very low temperatures in winter or high altitudes.
They use this substance in magic to perform breathing shows or dance with fire. The flame temperature of kerosene when burning in the open air is very low, so it is less dangerous.
This compound can be mixed with many industrial liquids that are used as both solvents and lubricants. It is also used as a cooling agent in the production and refining of metals in oxygen-free conditions.
This substance can be used to remove labels on glass, such as shop windows, and to remove candle wax that has been extracted from the surface of the glass. Also cleaning bicycle and motorcycle chains that got dirty with old lubricants.
At the beginning of the 20th century, kerosene was considered as a cheap fuel for tractors and engines, it was also used to fuel fishing boats or fuel jets. It is often burned with liquid oxygen as rocket fuel, although its refined form is used for jet fuel and some rocket engines.
7. Other uses
In the past, this substance was used to eliminate head lice, but today it is prohibited to use due to the risk of burns and causing serious diseases; This substance is considered a good pesticide for all living organisms, especially bed bugs and head lice. It is also used in stagnant water to kill mosquitoes. This combination can be used to dilute oil paints in artistic applications.
Iran’s kerosene oil field
oil field kerosene is one of Iran’s oil fields, which is located in Khuzestan province, 65 kilometers northeast of Ahvaz. kerosene field was discovered in 1317 by Iran and the British Oil Company and oil production started from it in 1324.
The kerosene oil field is one of the fields under the management of the National Company of Southern Oil-bearing Regions, whose production operations are carried out by the Masjid Suleiman Oil and Gas Exploitation Company.
This field is located in the distance between Haftkal oil field and Masjid Suleiman oil field. Currently, the crude oil production capacity of this field is equal to 18 thousand barrels per day.
Iran’s kerosene export
According to Iran Energy Exchange, the international ring of the Iran Energy Exchange hosted the supply of 16 thousand tons of kerosene from the National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company. In April 2021, 5 shipments of diesel and kerosene were exported from Iran to all parts of the world. Also, according to Iran Energy Exchange, the international ring of Iran Energy Exchange will host the supply of 295,000 barrels of “87 gasoline” and 280,000 barrels of “kerosene” in April 2020. It should be mentioned that both of these offers are marine and their type of transaction is premium discovery.
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